med-loader
MedManage medication management app screenshots

Type 2 Diabetes Medication List

Click on the links in the list below to see more information about the type 2 diabetes medication such as it's warnings, side effects, interactions, and storage instructions.

List of available medications for type 2 diabetes.

Type 2 Diabetes is an issue where your body makes enough Insulin, but is insensitive to it and therefore unable to control blood glucose levels.

Alpha-glucosidase inhibitors

A class of Type II diabetes medications is alpha glucocidase inhibitors. These drugs act to inhibit the function of alpha glucocidase enzymes. This enzyme is found in the small intestine and is used to allow for the absorption of glucose. This controls blood glucose levels by decreasing the amount of glucose being absorbed by the intestines. Common drugs are acarbose and miglitol. Trade names are Precose and Glyset respectively.

acarbose

Brand Name(s): Precose

miglitol

Brand Name(s): Glycet

Biguanides

Biguanides are another class of Type II diabetes drugs. The exact mechanism of how they work is not known, but it has been found in studies to increase insulin sensitivity and maintain insulin levels, helping control increased blood glucose levels. These drugs do not act upon the pancreas, but rather the liver by preventing it from making more glucose. Metformin is the brand name and is sold under various trade names.

metformin

Brand Name(s): Glucophage, Metformin Hydrochloride ER, Glumetza, Rioment, Fortamet

metformin combination drugs

Dopamine agonists

Dopamine agonists are another class of drugs used to control Type II diabetes. This is used in conjunction with insulin to increase the sensitivity of insulin. It is believed to prevent the liver from making extra glucose helping control blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. Typically these drugs are not the first choice by doctors and are used when other drugs fail to control blood glucose levels. Dopamine agonists are another class of drugs used to control Type II diabetes. This is used in conjunction with insulin to increase the sensitivity of insulin. It is believed to prevent the liver from making extra glucose helping control blood glucose levels in diabetic patients. Typically these drugs are not the first choice by doctors and are used when other drugs fail to control blood glucose levels.

bromocriptine

Brand Name(s): Parlodel

DPP-4 inhibitors

DPP-4 inhibitors are another class of diabetes medications that are relatively new. These drugs are typically used when more common Type II diabetes drugs like metformin do not sufficiently control blood glucose levels. This class of drugs works by inhibiting the action of DPP-4 enzymes, whose function is to destroy a hormone called incretin. Incretins help stimulate the release of insulin and also inhibit the production of glucagon during digestion. There are various types of drugs sold under different brand names.

alogliptin

Brand Name(s): Nesina

alogliptin-metformin

Brand Name(s): Kazano

alogliptin-pioglitazone

Brand Name(s): Oseni

linagliptin

Brand Name(s): Tradjenta

linagliptin-empagliflozin

Brand Name(s): Glyxambi

linagliptin-metformin

Brand Name(s): Jentadueto

saxagliptin

Brand Name(s): Onglyza

saxagliptin-metformin

Brand Name(s): Kombiglyze

sitagliptin

Brand Name(s): Januvia

sitagliptin-metformin

Brand Name(s): Janumet XR

sitagliptin and simvastatin

Brand Name(s): Juvisync

Glucagon-like peptides (incretin mimetics)

Glucagon-like peptides (GLP) are another class of diabetes drugs. This class of drugs are not the first choice amongst doctors, but they have been found to be effective in controlling blood glucose levels in patients with Type II Diabetes. GLP-1 is an incretin, increasing production of insulin.

albiglutide

Brand Name(s): Tanzeum

dulaglutide

Brand Name(s): Trulicity

exenatide

Brand Name(s): Byetta

exenatide extended-release

Brand Name(s): Bydureon

liraglutide

Brand Name(s): Victoza

Meglitinides

Meglinitides are another class of medications used to treat Type 2 diabetes. These drugs are taken before meals and are fast acting. They help the insulin producing cells of the pancreas to produce more insulin.

nateglinide

Brand Name(s): Starlix

repaglinide

Brand Name(s): Prandin

repaglinide-metformin

Brand Name(s): PrandiMet

Sodium glucose transporter (SGLT) 2 inhibitors

Sodium glucose transport inhibitors is a class of drugs used to treat Type 2 diabetes. These drugs inhibit SGLT2, an enzyme involved in glucose reabsorption in the kidneys. By inhibiting their function, these drugs help control blood glucose levels by excreting excess glucose in the urine.

dapagliflozin

Brand Name(s): Farxiga

dapagliflozin-metformin

Brand Name(s): Xigduo XR

canagliflozin

Brand Name(s): Invokana

canagliflozin-metformin

Brand Name(s): Invokamet

empagliflozin

Brand Name(s): Jardiance

empagliflozin-linagliptin

Brand Name(s): Glyxambi

empagliflozin-metformin

Brand Name(s): Synjardy

Sulfonylureas

Sulfonylureas stimulate the release of insulin from the insulin producing cells of the pancreas.

glimepiride

Brand Name(s): Amaryl

glimepiride-pioglitazone

Brand Name(s): Duetact

glimeperide-rosiglitazone

Brand Name(s): Avandaryl

gliclazide

glipizide

Brand Name(s): Glucotrol

glipizide-metformin

Brand Name(s): Metaglip

glyburide

Brand Name(s): DiaBeta, Glynase, Micronase

glyburide-metformin

Brand Name(s): Glucovance

chlorpropamide

Brand Name(s): Diabinese

tolazamide

Brand Name(s): Tolinase

tolbutamide

Brand Name(s): Orinase, Tol-Tab

Thiazolidinediones

Thiazolidinediones are another class of drugs used to treat Type 2 diabetes, whose function is to stimulate the storage of fatty acids in the circulation, decreasing their utilization for energy. This stimulates the body to use more glucose to help fuel the body, by using up more glucose, it allows the body to control excess levels of glucose. Thiazolidinediones are another class of drugs used to treat Type 2 diabetes, whose function is to stimulate the storage of fatty acids in the circulation, decreasing their utilization for energy. This stimulates the body to use more glucose to help fuel the body, by using up more glucose, it allows the body to control excess levels of glucose.

rosiglitazone

Brand Name(s): Avandia

rosiglitazone-glimepiride

Brand Name(s): Avandaryl

rosiglitizone-metformin

Brand Name(s): Amryl, Avandamet

pioglitazone

Brand Name(s): Actos

pioglitazone-alogliptin

Brand Name(s): Oseni

pioglitazone-glimepiride

Brand Name(s): Duetact

pioglitazone-metformin

Brand Name(s): Actoplus Met


Click on the links in the list above to see more information about the type 2 diabetes medication such as it's warnings, side effects, interactions, and storage instructions.

MedManage is the perfect app to keep track of your medications and stay on top of your illness.”